Presiones del vapor de los elementos (página de datos)

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| 15

|

|

| 20

|

| CRC.a (T / ° C)

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|-258.6

|

|

|-252.8

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 10 (s)

| 11.4 (s)

| 12.2 (s)

| 13.4 (s)

| 14.5

| 16.0

| 18.2

|

| 20.3

! colspan = "13" | 2 Él helio

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| 3

|

|

| 4

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|-270.6

|

|

|-268.9

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1.3

| 1.66

| 1.85

| 2.17

| 2.48

| 2.87

| 3.54

|

| 4.22

! colspan = "13" | 3 litio de Li

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 797

| 885

| 995

|

| 1144

|

|

| 1337

|

|

| 1610

|

| CRC.f, k (T / ° C)

| 524.3

| 612.3

| 722.1

|

| 871.2

|

|

| 1064.3

|

|

| 1337.1

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.673 - 8310 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1000 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.061 - 8023 / (T/K)

| 797.4

| 885.4

| 995.3

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1040

| 1145

| 1200

| 1275

| 1345

| 1415

| 1530

|

| 1630

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 325.. 725 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.625 - 7480 / (T/K)

| 777

| 867

| 981

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 4 Ser beryllium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1462

| 1608

| 1791

|

| 2023

|

|

| 2327

|

|

| 2742

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1189 (s)

| 1335

| 1518

|

| 1750

|

|

| 2054

|

|

| 2469

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.048 - 17020 / (T/K) - 0.4440 tronco (T/K)

| 1461.8

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1800 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.792 - 15731 / (T/K)

|

| 1606.5

| 1789.2

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, g (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 942.. 1284 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.115 - 18220 / (T/K)

| 1504

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, g (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1284.. 1582 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.075 - 16590 / (T/K)

|

| 1647

| 1828

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 5 boro B

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2348

| 2562

| 2822

|

| 3141

|

|

| 3545

|

|

| 4072

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2075

| 2289

| 2549

|

| 2868

|

|

| 3272

|

|

| 3799

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 1052.. 1648 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.255 - 21370 / (T/K)

| 1612

| 1744

| 1899

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 6 carbón C (grafito)

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

|

| 2839

| 3048

|

| 3289

|

|

| 3572

|

|

| 3908

|

| CRC.h (T / ° C)

|

| 2566 (s)

| 2775 (s)

|

| 3016 (s)

|

|

| 3299 (s)

|

|

| 3635 (s)

|

! colspan = "13" | 7 nitrógeno N

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 37

| 41

| 46

|

| 53

|

|

| 62

|

|

| 77

|

| CRC.a, d (T / ° C)

|-236 (s)

|-232 (s)

|-226.8 (s)

|

|-220.2 (s)

|

|

|-211.1 (s)

|

|

|-195.9

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 48.1 (s)

| 53.0 (s)

| 55.4 (s)

| 59.0 (s)

| 62.1 (s)

| 65.8

| 71.8

|

| 77.4

! colspan = "13" | 8 oxígeno O

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

|

|

|

|

| 61

|

|

| 73

|

|

| 90

|

| CRC.a, yo (T / ° C)

|

|

|

|

|-211.9

|

|

|-200.5

|

|

|-183.1

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 55.4

| 61.3

| 64.3

| 68.8

| 72.7

| 77.1

| 83.9

|

| 90.2

! colspan = "13" | 9 flúor F

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 38

| 44

| 50

|

| 58

|

|

| 69

|

|

| 85

|

| CRC.a, d (T / ° C)

|-235 (s)

|-229.5 (s)

|-222.9 (s)

|

|-214.8

|

|

|-204.3

|

|

|-188.3

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 53

| 58

| 61

| 65.3

| 68.9

| 73.0

| 79.3

|

| 85.0

! colspan = "13" | 10 neón de Ne

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 12

| 13

| 15

|

| 18

|

|

| 21

|

|

| 27

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

|-261 (s)

|-260 (s)

|-258 (s)

|

|-255 (s)

|

|

|-252 (s)

|

|

|-246.1

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 16.3 (s)

| 18.1 (s)

| 19.0 (s)

| 20.4 (s)

| 21.6 (s)

| 22.9 (s)

| 24.9

|

| 27.1

! colspan = "13" | 11 sodio de Na

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 554

| 617

| 697

|

| 802

|

|

| 946

|

|

| 1153

|

| CRC.f, k (T / ° C)

| 280.6

| 344.2

| 424.3

|

| 529

|

|

| 673

|

|

| 880.2

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.304 - 5603 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 700 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.710 - 5377 / (T/K)

| 553.8

| 617.3

| 697.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 729

| 807

| 846

| 904

| 954

| 1010

| 1095

|

| 1175

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 158.. 437 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.835 - 5480 / (T/K)

| 557

| 620

| 699

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | magnesio de 12 mg.

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 701

| 773

| 861

|

| 971

|

|

| 1132

|

|

| 1361

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 428 (s)

| 500 (s)

| 588 (s)

|

| 698

|

|

| 859

|

|

| 1088

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.495 - 7813 / (T/K) - 0.8253 tronco (T/K)

| 700.9

| 772.7

| 861.2

| 892.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 891

| 979

| 1025

| 1085

| 1140

| 1205

| 1295

|

| 1375

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 287.. 605 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.945 - 7741 / (T/K)

| 707

| 778

| 865

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 13 aluminio de Al

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1482

| 1632

| 1817

|

| 2054

|

|

| 2364

|

|

| 2790

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1209

| 1359

| 1544

|

| 1781

|

|

| 2091

|

|

| 2517

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.465 - 17342 / (T/K) - 0.7927 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1800 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.917 - 16211 / (T/K)

| 1484.9

| 1634.7

| 1818.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1885

| 2060

| 2140

| 2260

| 2360

| 2430

| 2640

|

| 2790

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, l (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 843.. 1465 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.115 - 15630 / (T/K)

| 1406

| 1545

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 14 silicio de Si

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1908

| 2102

| 2339

|

| 2636

|

|

| 3021

|

|

| 3537

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1635

| 1829

| 2066

|

| 2363

|

|

| 2748

|

|

| 3264

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 2380

| 2590

| 2690

| 2840

| 2970

| 3100

| 3310

|

| 3490

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 1024.. 1410 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.325 - 19720 / (T/K)

| 1600

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1410.. 1670 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.675 - 18550 / (T/K)

|

| 1738

| 1917

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 15 fósforo P (blanco)

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 279

| 307

| 342

|

| 388

|

|

| 453

|

|

| 549

|

| CRC.c, e (T / ° C)

| 6 (s)

| 34 (s)

| 69

|

| 115

|

|

| 180

|

|

| 276

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 365

| 398

| 414

| 439

| 460

| 484

| 520.5

|

| 553.6

! colspan = "13" | 15 fósforo P (rojo)

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 455

| 489

| 529

|

| 576

|

|

| 635

|

|

| 704

|

| CRC.b, c (T / ° C)

| 182 (s)

| 216 (s)

| 256 (s)

|

| 303 (s)

|

|

| 362 (s)

|

|

| 431 (s)

|

! colspan = "13" | 16 azufre S

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 375

| 408

| 449

|

| 508

|

|

| 591

|

|

| 717

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 102 (s)

| 135

| 176

|

| 235

|

|

| 318

|

|

| 444

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 462

| 505.7

| 528.0

| 561.3

| 590.1

| 622.5

| 672.4

|

| 717.8

! colspan = "13" | 17 cloro de Cl

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 128

| 139

| 153

|

| 170

|

|

| 197

|

|

| 239

|

| CRC.a (T / ° C)

|-145 (s)

|-133.7 (s)

|-120.2 (s)

|

|-103.6 (s)

|

|

|-76.1

|

|

|-34.2

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 158 (s)

| 170 (s)

| 176.3

| 187.4

| 197.0

| 207.8

| 224.3

|

| 239.2

! colspan = "13" | 18 argón de Ar

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

|

| 47

| 53

|

| 61

|

|

| 71

|

|

| 87

|

| CRC.a, d, l (T / ° C)

|

|-226.4 (s)

|-220.3 (s)

|

|-212.4 (s)

|

|

|-201.7 (s)

|

|

|-186.0

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 55.0 (s)

| 60.7 (s)

| 63.6 (s)

| 67.8 (s)

| 71.4 (s)

| 75.4 (s)

| 81.4 (s)

|

| 87.3

! colspan = "13" | 19 potasio K

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 473

| 530

| 601

|

| 697

|

|

| 832

|

|

| 1029

|

| CRC.f, k (T / ° C)

| 200.2

| 256.5

| 328

|

| 424

|

|

| 559

|

|

| 756.2

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.967 - 4646 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 600 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.408 - 4453 / (T/K)

| 473.3

| 529.6

| 601.1

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 633

| 704

| 740

| 794

| 841

| 894

| 975

|

| 1050

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 91.. 338 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.485 - 4503 / (T/K)

| 475

| 531

| 602

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 20 calcio de Ca

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 864

| 956

| 1071

|

| 1227

|

|

| 1443

|

|

| 1755

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 591 (s)

| 683 (s)

| 798 (s)

|

| 954

|

|

| 1170

|

|

| 1482

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 15.133 - 9517 / (T/K) - 1.4030 tronco (T/K)

| 864.2

| 956.4

| 1071.5

| 1112.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1105

| 1220

| 1280

| 1365

| 1440

| 1525

| 1650

|

| 1765

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 408.. 817 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.425 - 9055 / (T/K)

| 869

| 961

| 1075

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 21 Sc scandium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1645

| 1804

| (2006)

|

| (2266)

|

|

| (2613)

|

|

| (3101)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1372 (s)

| 1531 (s)

| 1733 (yo)

|

| 1993 (yo)

|

|

| 2340 (yo)

|

|

| 2828 (yo)

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.656 - 19721 / (T/K) + 0.2885 tronco (T/K) - 0.3663 (T/K)

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2000 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.801 - 17681 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1058.. 1804 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.065 - 18570 / (T/K)

| 1678

| 1845

| 2049

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 22 titanio de Ti

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1982

| 2171

| (2403)

|

| 2692

|

|

| 3064

|

|

| 3558

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1709

| 1898

| 2130 (e)

|

| 2419

|

|

| 2791

|

|

| 3285

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 16.931 - 24991 / (T/K) - 1.3376 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2400 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.364 - 22747 / (T/K)

| 2001.7

| 2194.8

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 1134.. 1727 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.375 - 18640 / (T/K)

| 1797

| 1988

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1727.. 1965 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.105 - 20110 / (T/K)

|

|

| 2209

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 23 V vanadio

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2101

| 2289

| 2523

|

| 2814

|

|

| 3187

|

|

| 3679

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1828 (s)

| 2016

| 2250

|

| 2541

|

|

| 2914

|

|

| 3406

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.750 - 27132 / (T/K) - 0.5501 tronco (T/K)

| 2099.6

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.935 - 25011 / (T/K)

|

| 2287.2

| 2517.5

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1465.. 2207 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.445 - 26620 / (T/K)

| 2139

| 2326

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 24 cromo de Cr

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1656

| 1807

| 1991

|

| 2223

|

|

| 2530

|

|

| 2942

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1383 (s)

| 1534 (s)

| 1718 (s)

|

| 1950

|

|

| 2257

|

|

| 2669

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 2000 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.806 - 20733 / (T/K) + 0.4391 tronco (T/K) - 0.4094 (T/K)

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 2020

| 2180

| 2260

| 2370

| 2470

| 2580

| 2730

|

| 2870

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, l (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 907.. 1504 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.005 - 17560 / (T/K)

| 1463

| 1596

| 1755

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 25 manganeso de Mn

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1228

| 1347

| 1493

|

| 1691

|

|

| 1955

|

|

| 2333

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 955 (s)

| 1074 (s)

| 1220 (s)

|

| 1418

|

|

| 1682

|

|

| 2060

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 17.811 - 15097 / (T/K) - 1.7896 tronco (T/K)

| 1229.2

| 1346.6

| 1490.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1560

| 1710

| 1780

| 1890

| 1980

| 2080

| 2240

|

| 2390

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 717.. 1251 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.375 - 14100 / (T/K)

| 1240

| 1359

| 1504

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 26 hierro de Fe

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1728

| 1890

| 2091

|

| 2346

|

|

| 2679

|

|

| 3132

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1455 (s)

| 1617

| 1818

|

| 2073

|

|

| 2406

|

|

| 2859

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.106 - 21723 / (T/K) + 0.4536 tronco (T/K) - 0.5846 (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2100 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.353 - 19574 / (T/K)

|

| 1890.7

| 2092.8

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 2110

| 2290

| 2380

| 2500

| 2610

| 2720

| 2890

|

| 3030

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, f (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 1094.. 1535 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.755 - 20000 / (T/K)

| 1701

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, f (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1535.. 1783 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.535 - 21400 / (T/K)

|

| 1855

| 2031

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 27 cobalto de Co

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1790

| 1960

| 2165

|

| 2423

|

|

| 2755

|

|

| 3198

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1517

| 1687

| 1892

|

| 2150

|

|

| 2482

|

|

| 2925

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 15.982 - 22576 / (T/K) - 1.0280 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2150 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.494 - 20578 / (T/K)

| 1790.3

| 1960.9

| 2167.5

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1249.. 2056 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.555 - 21960 / (T/K)

| 1900

| 2081

| 2298

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 28 níquel de Ni

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1783

| 1950

| 2154

|

| 2410

|

|

| 2741

|

|

| 3184

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1510

| 1677

| 1881

|

| 2137

|

|

| 2468

|

|

| 2911

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 15.563 - 22606 / (T/K) - 0.8717 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2150 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.672 - 20765 / (T/K)

| 1779.0

| 1945.7

| 2146.9

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 2230

| 2410

| 2500

| 2630

| 2740

| 2860

| 3030

|

| 3180

| SMI.c, q || colspan = "12" | sólido, 1157.. 1455 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.405 - 21840 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, q (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1455.. 1884 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.675 - 20600 / (T/K)

| 1764

| 1930

| 2129

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 29 cobre de Cu

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1509

| 1661

| 1850

|

| 2089

|

|

| 2404

|

|

| 2836

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1236

| 1388

| 1577

|

| 1816

|

|

| 2131

|

|

| 2563

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.129 - 17748 / (T/K) - 0.7317 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1850 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.855 - 16415 / (T/K)

| 1512.2

| 1665.7

| 1853.8

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1940

| 2110

| 2200

| 2320

| 2420

| 2540

| 2710

|

| 2860

| SMI.c, f || colspan = "12" | sólido, 946.. 1083 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.935 - 18060 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, f (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1083.. 1628 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.845 - 16580 / (T/K)

| 1529

| 1684

| 1875

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 30 zinc de Zn

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 610

| 670

| 750

|

| 852

|

|

| 990

|

|

| (1185)

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 337 (s)

| 397 (s)

| 477

|

| 579

|

|

| 717

|

|

| 912 (e)

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.108 - 6776 / (T/K)

| 610.0

| 670.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 750 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.384 - 6286 / (T/K)

|

|

| 749.8

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 780

| 854

| 891

| 945

| 991

| 1040

| 1120

|

| 1185

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 211.. 405 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.065 - 6744 / (T/K)

| 609

| 670

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 31 galio de Ga

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1310

| 1448

| 1620

|

| 1838

|

|

| 2125

|

|

| 2518

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1037

| 1175

| 1347

|

| 1565

|

|

| 1852

|

|

| 2245

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.663 - 14208 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1600 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.760 - 13984 / (T/K) - 0.3413 tronco (T/K)

| 1307.4

| 1444.4

| 1613.8

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1665

| 1820

| 1900

| 2000

| 2100

| 2200

| 2350

|

| 2480

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 771.. 1443 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.915 - 13360 / (T/K)

| 1347

| 1499

| 1688

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 32 Ge germanium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1644

| 1814

| 2023

|

| 2287

|

|

| 2633

|

|

| 3104

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1371

| 1541

| 1750

|

| 2014

|

|

| 2360

|

|

| 2831

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 897.. 1635 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.065 - 15150 / (T/K)

| 1505

| 1671

| 1878

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 33 Como arsénico

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 553

| 596

| 646

|

| 706

|

|

| 781

|

|

| 874

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 280 (s)

| 323 (s)

| 373 (s)

|

| 433 (s)

|

|

| 508 (s)

|

|

| 601 (s)

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 656 (s)

| 701 (s)

| 723 (s)

| 754 (s)

| 780 (s)

| 808 (s)

| 849 (s)

|

| 883 (s)

! colspan = "13" | 34 selenio de Se

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 500

| 552

| 617

|

| 704

|

|

| 813

|

|

| 958

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 227

| 279

| 344

|

| 431

|

|

| 540

|

|

| 685

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 636

| 695

| 724

| 767

| 803

| 844

| 904

|

| 958

! colspan = "13" | 35 bromo de Br

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 185

| 201

| 220

|

| 244

|

|

| 276

|

|

| 332

|

| CRC.a (T / ° C)

|-87.7 (s)

|-71.8 (s)

|-52.7 (s)

|

|-29.3 (s)

|

|

| 2.5

|

|

| 58.4

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 227 (s)

| 244.1 (s)

| 252.1 (s)

| 263.6 (s)

| 275.7

| 290.0

| 312.0

|

| 332.0

! colspan = "13" | 36 criptón de Kr

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 59

| 65

| 74

|

| 84

|

|

| 99

|

|

| 120

|

| CRC.d (T / ° C)

|-214.0 (s)

|-208.0 (s)

|-199.4 (s)

|

|-188.9 (s)

|

|

|-174.6 (s)

|

|

|-153.6

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 77 (s)

| 84.3 (s)

| 88.1 (s)

| 93.8 (s)

| 98.6 (s)

| 103.9 (s)

| 112.0 (s)

|

| 119.7

! colspan = "13" | 37 Rb rubidium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 434

| 486

| 552

|

| 641

|

|

| 769

|

|

| 958

|

| CRC.f, k (T / ° C)

| 160.4

| 212.5

| 278.9

|

| 368

|

|

| 496.1

|

|

| 685.3

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.863 - 4215 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 550 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.318 - 4040 / (T/K)

| 433.6

| 485.7

| 552.1

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 583

| 649

| 684

| 735

| 779

| 829

| 907

|

| 978

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.d (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 59.4.. 283 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.545 - 4132 / (T/K)

| 433

| 484

| 548

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 38 estroncio de Sr

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 796

| 882

| 990

|

| 1139

|

|

| 1345

|

|

| 1646

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 523 (s)

| 609 (s)

| 717 (s)

|

| 866

|

|

| 1072

|

|

| 1373

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.232 - 8572 / (T/K) - 1.1926 tronco (T/K)

| 795.7

| 882.0

| 989.9

| 1028.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1040 (s)

| 1150

| 1205

| 1285

| 1355

| 1430

| 1550

|

| 1660

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 361.. 750 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.255 - 8324 / (T/K)

| 812

| 899

| 1008

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 39 Y yttrium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1883

| 2075

| (2320)

|

| (2627)

|

|

| (3036)

|

|

| (3607)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1610.1

| 1802.3

| 2047 (yo)

|

| 2354 (yo)

|

|

| 2763 (yo)

|

|

| 3334 (yo)

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.741 - 22306 / (T/K) - 0.8705 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2300 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.801 - 20341 / (T/K)

| 1883.3

| 2075.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1249.. 2056 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.555 - 21970 / (T/K)

| 1901

| 2081

| 2299

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 40 circonio de Zr

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2639

| 2891

| 3197

|

| 3575

|

|

| 4053

|

|

| 4678

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2366

| 2618

| 2924

|

| 3302

|

|

| 3780

|

|

| 4405

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 15.014 - 31512 / (T/K) - 0.7890 tronco (T/K)

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.812 - 30295 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 1527.. 2127 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.505 - 25870 / (T/K)

| 2249

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 2127.. 2459 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.165 - 27430 / (T/K)

|

| 2457

| 2698

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 41 Nótese bien niobio

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2942

| 3207

| 3524

|

| 3910

|

|

| 4393

|

|

| 5013

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2669

| 2934

| 3251

|

| 3637

|

|

| 4120

|

|

| 4740

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.828 - 37818 / (T/K) - 0.2575 tronco (T/K)

| SMI.n || colspan = "12" | 2194.. 2539 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.495 - 40400 / (T/K)

! colspan = "13" | 42 molibdeno de Mo

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2742

| 2994

| 3312

|

| 3707

|

|

| 4212

|

|

| 4879

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2469 (s)

| 2721

| 3039

|

| 3434

|

|

| 3939

|

|

| 4606

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 16.535 - 34626 / (T/K) - 1.1331 tronco (T/K)

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 3420

| 3720

| 3860

| 4060

| 4220

| 4410

| 4680

|

| 4900

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.r (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 1923.. 2533 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.925 - 30310 / (T/K)

| 2774

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 43 Tc technetium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| (2727)

| (2998)

| (3324)

|

| (3726)

|

|

| (4234)

|

|

| (4894)

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2454 (e)

| 2725 (e)

| 3051 (e)

|

| 3453 (e)

|

|

| 3961 (e)

|

|

| 4621 (e)

|

! colspan = "13" | 44 Ru ruthenium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2588

| 2811

| 3087

|

| 3424

|

|

| 3845

|

|

| 4388

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2315 (s)

| 2538

| 2814

|

| 3151

|

|

| 3572

|

|

| 4115

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.761 - 34154 / (T/K) - 0.4723 tronco (T/K)

| 2597.6

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1913.. 2946 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.625 - 33800 / (T/K)

| 2677

| 2908

| 3181

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 45 Rh rhodium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2288

| 2496

| 2749

|

| 3063

|

|

| 3405

|

|

| 3997

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2015

| 2223

| 2476

|

| 2790

|

|

| 3132

|

|

| 3724

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 15.174 - 29010 / (T/K) - 0.7068 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.808 - 26792 / (T/K)

| 2269.0

| 2478.9

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1681.. 2607 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.675 - 30400 / (T/K)

| 2398

| 2604

| 2848

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | paladio de 46 libras

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1721

| 1897

| 2117

|

| 2395

|

|

| 2753

|

|

| 3234

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1448 (s)

| 1624

| 1844

|

| 2122

|

|

| 2480

|

|

| 2961

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.508 - 19813 / (T/K) - 0.9258 tronco (T/K)

| 1721.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2100 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.432 - 17899 / (T/K)

|

| 1897.7

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1156.. 2000 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.585 - 19230 / (T/K)

| 1817

| 2006

| 2240

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 47 plata de Ag

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1283

| 1413

| 1575

|

| 1782

|

|

| 2055

|

|

| 2433

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1010

| 1140

| 1302

|

| 1509

|

|

| 1782

|

|

| 2160

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.133 - 14999 / (T/K) - 0.7845 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1600 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.758 - 13827 / (T/K)

| 1285.3

| 1417.0

| 1578.8

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1640

| 1790

| 1865

| 1970

| 2060

| 2160

| 2310

|

| 2440

| SMI.a || colspan = "12" | sólido, 767.. 961 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.405 - 14850 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 961.. 1353 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.785 - 14090 / (T/K)

| 1306

| 1440

| 1604

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 48 cadmio de Cd

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 530

| 583

| 654

|

| 745

|

|

| 867

|

|

| 1040

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 257 (s)

| 310 (s)

| 381

|

| 472

|

|

| 594

|

|

| 767

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.945 - 5799 / (T/K)

| 529.8

| 583.1

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 650 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.248 - 5392 / (T/K)

|

|

| 653.7

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 683

| 748

| 781

| 829

| 870

| 915

| 983

|

| 1045

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 148.. 321 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.905 - 5798 / (T/K)

| 532

| 585

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 49 En indium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1196

| 1325

| 1485

|

| 1690

|

|

| 1962

|

|

| 2340

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 923

| 1052

| 1212

|

| 1417

|

|

| 1689

|

|

| 2067

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.997 - 12548 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.380 - 12276 / (T/K)

| 1182.7

| 1308.7

| 1464.9

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c, m (de T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 667.. 1260 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.055 - 12150 / (T/K)

| 1208

| 1342

| 1508

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 50 lata de Sn

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1497

| 1657

| 1855

|

| 2107

|

|

| 2438

|

|

| 2893

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1224

| 1384

| 1582

|

| 1834

|

|

| 2165

|

|

| 2620

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.042 - 15710 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1850 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.268 - 15332 / (T/K)

| 1493.2

| 1654.3

| 1854.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1930

| 2120

| 2210

| 2350

| 2470

| 2600

| 2800

|

| 2990

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 823.. 1609 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.095 - 13110 / (T/K)

| 1441

| 1620

| 1848

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 51 antimonio de Sb

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 807

| 876

| 1011

|

| 1219

|

|

| 1491

|

|

| 1858

|

| CRC.b, c (T / ° C)

| 534 (s)

| 603 (s)

| 738

|

| 946

|

|

| 1218

|

|

| 1585

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1065

| 1220

| 1295

| 1405

| 1495

| 1595

| 1740

|

| 1890

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 466.. 904 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.545 - 9913 / (T/K)

| 940

| 1039

| 1160

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 52 telurio de Te

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

|

|

| (775)

|

| (888)

|

|

| 1042

|

|

| 1266

|

| CRC.d (T / ° C)

|

|

| 502 (e)

|

| 615 (e)

|

|

| 768.8

|

|

| 992.4

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 806

| 888

| 929

| 990

| 1040

| 1100

| 1190

|

| 1270

! colspan = "13" | 53 yo yodo (rómbico)

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 260

| 282

| 309

|

| 342

|

|

| 381

|

|

| 457

|

| CRC.a, b (T / ° C)

|-12.8 (s)

| 9.3 (s)

| 35.9 (s)

|

| 68.7 (s)

|

|

| 108 (s)

|

|

| 184.0

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 318 (s)

| 341.8 (s)

| 353.1 (s)

| 369.3 (s)

| 382.7 (s)

| 400.8

| 430.6

|

| 457.5

! colspan = "13" | 54 xenón de Xe

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 83

| 92

| 103

|

| 117

|

|

| 137

|

|

| 165

|

| CRC.d, m (T / ° C)

|-190 (s)

|-181 (s)

|-170 (s)

|

|-155.8 (s)

|

|

|-136.6 (s)

|

|

|-108.4

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 107 (s)

| 117.3 (s)

| 122.5 (s)

| 130.1 (s)

| 136.6 (s)

| 143.8 (s)

| 154.7 (s)

|

| 165.0

! colspan = "13" | 55 Cs caesium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 418

| 469

| 534

|

| 623

|

|

| 750

|

|

| 940

|

| CRC.f, k (T / ° C)

| 144.5

| 195.6

| 260.9

|

| 350.0

|

|

| 477.1

|

|

| 667.0

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.717 - 3999 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 550 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.171 - 3830 / (T/K)

| 417.6

| 468.7

| 534.1

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 559

| 624

| 657

| 708

| 752

| 802

| 883

|

| 959

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.e (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 45.. 277 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 8.985 - 3774 / (T/K)

| 420

| 473

| 540

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 56 bario de Ba

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 911

| 1038

| 1185

|

| 1388

|

|

| 1686

|

|

| 2170

|

| CRC.e (T / ° C)

| 638 (s)

| 765

| 912

|

| 1115

|

|

| 1413

|

|

| 1897

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 17.411 - 9690 / (T/K) - 2.2890 tronco (T/K)

| 911.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1200 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.013 - 8163 / (T/K)

|

| 1018.7

| 1164.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1165

| 1290

| 1360

| 1455

| 1540

| 1635

| 1780

|

| 1910

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 418.. 858 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.005 - 8908 / (T/K)

| 890

| 989

| 1113

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 57 La lanthanum

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| (2005)

| (2208)

| (2458)

|

| (2772)

|

|

| (3178)

|

|

| (3726)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1732 (yo)

| 1935 (yo)

| 2185 (yo)

|

| 2499 (yo)

|

|

| 2905 (yo)

|

|

| 3453 (yo)

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.469 - 22551 / (T/K) - 0.3142 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2450 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.917 - 21855 / (T/K)

| 2001.9

| 2203.8

| 2450.9

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1023.. 1754 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.005 - 18000 / (T/K)

| 1636

| 1799

| 1999

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 58 Ce cerium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1992

| 2194

| 2442

|

| 2754

|

|

| 3159

|

|

| 3705

|

| CRC.g (T / ° C)

| 1719

| 1921

| 2169

|

| 2481

|

|

| 2886

|

|

| 3432

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.145 - 21752 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2450 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.617 - 21200 / (T/K)

| 1996.8

| 2204.4

| 2460.3

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1004.. 1599 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.865 - 20100 / (T/K)

| 1562

| 1694

| 1850

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 59 Pr praseodymium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1771

| 1973

| (2227)

|

| (2571)

|

|

| (3054)

|

|

| (3779)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1497.7

| 1699.4

| 1954 (yo)

|

| 2298 (yo)

|

|

| 2781 (yo)

|

|

| 3506 (yo)

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.865 - 18720 / (T/K) - 0.9512 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2200 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.778 - 17315 / (T/K)

| 1770.8

| 1972.5

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 60 Nd neodymium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1595

| 1774

| 1998

|

| (2296)

|

|

| (2715)

|

|

| (3336)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1322.3

| 1501.2

| 1725.3

|

| 2023 (yo)

|

|

| 2442 (yo)

|

|

| 3063 (yo)

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.002 - 17264 / (T/K) - 0.9519 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2000 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.918 - 15824 / (T/K)

| 1595.5

| 1774.4

| 1998.5

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 62 Sm samarium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1001

| 1106

| 1240

|

| (1421)

|

|

| (1675)

|

|

| (2061)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 728 (s)

| 833 (s)

| 967 (s)

|

| 1148 (yo)

|

|

| 1402 (yo)

|

|

| 1788 (yo)

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.994 - 11034 / (T/K) - 1.3287 tronco (T/K)

| 1002.5

| 1109.2

| 1242.2

| 1289.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 63 Eu europium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 863

| 957

| 1072

|

| 1234

|

|

| 1452

|

|

| 1796

|

| CRC.g (T / ° C)

| 590 (s)

| 684 (s)

| 799 (s)

|

| 961

|

|

| 1179

|

|

| 1523

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.246 - 9459 / (T/K) - 1.1661 tronco (T/K)

| 874.6

| 968.8

| 1086.5

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 64 Gd gadolinium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| (1836)

| (2028)

| (2267)

|

| (2573)

|

|

| (2976)

|

|

| (3535)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1563 (yo)

| 1755 (yo)

| 1994 (yo)

|

| 2300 (yo)

|

|

| 2703 (yo)

|

|

| 3262 (yo)

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.350 - 20861 / (T/K) - 0.5775 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2250 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.563 - 19389 / (T/K)

| 1835.6

| 2027.5

| 2264.3

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 65 Tb terbium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1789

| 1979

| (2201)

|

| (2505)

|

|

| (2913)

|

|

| (3491)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1516.1

| 1706.1

| 1928 (yo)

|

| 2232 (yo)

|

|

| 2640 (yo)

|

|

| 3218 (yo)

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.516 - 20457 / (T/K) - 0.9247 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2200 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.417 - 18639 / (T/K)

| 1789.3

| 1979.3

| 2214.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 66 Dy dysprosium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1378

| 1523

| (1704)

|

| (1954)

|

|

| (2304)

|

|

| (2831)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1105 (s)

| 1250 (s)

| 1431 (yo)

|

| 1681 (yo)

|

|

| 2031 (yo)

|

|

| 2558 (yo)

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.585 - 15336 / (T/K) - 1.1114 tronco (T/K)

| 1382.3

| 1526.5

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 67 Ho holmium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1432

| 1584

| (1775)

|

| (2040)

|

|

| (2410)

|

|

| (2964)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1159 (s)

| 1311 (s)

| 1502 (yo)

|

| 1767 (yo)

|

|

| 2137 (yo)

|

|

| 2691 (yo)

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.791 - 15899 / (T/K) - 1.1753 tronco (T/K)

| 1434.8

| 1585.2

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 68 Er erbium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1504

| 1663

| (1885)

|

| (2163)

|

|

| (2552)

|

|

| (3132)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1231 (s)

| 1390 (s)

| 1612 (yo)

|

| 1890 (yo)

|

|

| 2279 (yo)

|

|

| 2859 (yo)

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.922 - 16642 / (T/K) - 1.2154 tronco (T/K)

| 1504.7

| 1663.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1900 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.674 - 14380 / (T/K)

|

|

| 1873.9

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 69 Tm thulium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1117

| 1235

| 1381

|

| 1570

|

|

| (1821)

|

|

| (2217)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 844 (s)

| 962 (s)

| 1108 (s)

|

| 1297 (s)

|

|

| 1548 (yo)

|

|

| 1944 (yo)

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 1400 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.888 - 12270 / (T/K) - 0.9564 tronco (T/K)

| 1118.3

| 1235.5

| 1381.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 70 Yb ytterbium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 736

| 813

| 910

|

| 1047

|

|

| (1266)

|

|

| (1465)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 463 (s)

| 540 (s)

| 637 (s)

|

| 774 (s)

|

|

| 993 (yo)

|

|

| 1192 (yo)

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 900 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.117 - 8111 / (T/K) - 1.0849 tronco (T/K)

| 737.0

| 814.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 71 Lu lutetium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1906

| 2103

| 2346

|

| (2653)

|

|

| (3072)

|

|

| (3663)

|

| CRC.c (T / ° C)

| 1633 (s)

| 1829.8

| 2072.8

|

| 2380 (yo)

|

|

| 2799 (yo)

|

|

| 3390 (yo)

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.799 - 22423 / (T/K) - 0.6200 tronco (T/K)

| 1905.9

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2350 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.654 - 20302 / (T/K)

|

| 2103.0

| 2346.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 72 Hf hafnium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2689

| 2954

| 3277

|

| 3679

|

|

| 4194

|

|

| 4876

|

| CRC.e (T / ° C)

| 2416

| 2681

| 3004

|

| 3406

|

|

| 3921

|

|

| 4603

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.451 - 32482 / (T/K) - 0.6735 tronco (T/K)

! colspan = "13" | 73 Ta tantalum

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 3297

| 3597

| 3957

|

| 4395

|

|

| 4939

|

|

| 5634

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 3024

| 3324

| 3684

|

| 4122

|

|

| 4666

|

|

| 5361

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 248 K a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 21.813 - 41346 / (T/K) - 3.2152 tronco (T/K) + 0.7437 (T/K)

| SMI.o, p || colspan = "12" | sólido, 2407.. 2820 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.125 - 40210 / (T/K)

! colspan = "13" | 74 tungsteno W

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 3477

| 3773

| 4137

|

| 4579

|

|

| 5127

|

|

| 5823

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 3204 (s)

| 3500

| 3864

|

| 4306

|

|

| 4854

|

|

| 5550

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 2350 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 7.951 - 44094 / (T/K) + 1.3677 tronco (T/K)

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 2200 K a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) =-49.521 - 57687 / (T/K) - 12.2231 tronco (T/K)

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 4300

| 4630

| 4790

| 5020

| 5200

| 5400

| 5690

|

| 5940

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.s (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 2554.. 3309 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.365 - 40260 / (T/K)

| 3542

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 75 Re rhenium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 3303

| 3614

| 4009

|

| 4500

|

|

| 5127

|

|

| 5954

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 3030 (s)

| 3341

| 3736

|

| 4227

|

|

| 4854

|

|

| 5681

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 16.549 - 40726 / (T/K) - 1.1629 tronco (T/K)

! colspan = "13" | 76 Os osmium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 3160

| 3423

| 3751

|

| 4148

|

|

| 4638

|

|

| 5256

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2887 (s)

| 3150

| 3478

|

| 3875

|

|

| 4365

|

|

| 4983

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.425 - 41198 / (T/K) - 0.3896 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 2101.. 3221 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.715 - 37000 / (T/K)

| 2910

| 3158

| 3453

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 77 Ir iridium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2713

| 2957

| 3252

|

| 3614

|

|

| 4069

|

|

| 4659

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2440 (s)

| 2684

| 2979

|

| 3341

|

|

| 3796

|

|

| 4386

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 15.512 - 35099 / (T/K) - 0.7500 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1993.. 3118 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.185 - 34110 / (T/K)

| 2799

| 3050

| 3349

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 78 platino del Punto

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2330

| (2550)

| 2815

|

| 3143

|

|

| 3556

|

|

| 4094

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2057

| 2277 (e)

| 2542

|

| 2870

|

|

| 3283

|

|

| 3821

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.888 - 29387 / (T/K) + 1.1039 tronco (T/K) - 0.4527 (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.392 - 26856 / (T/K)

| 2357.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 2910

| 3150

| 3260

| 3420

| 3560

| 3700

| 3910

|

| 4090

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1606.. 2582 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.758 - 27500 / (T/K)

| 2339

| 2556

| 2818

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 79 oro de Au

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1646

| 1814

| 2021

|

| 2281

|

|

| 2620

|

|

| 3078

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1373

| 1541

| 1748

|

| 2008

|

|

| 2347

|

|

| 2805

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 14.158 - 19343 / (T/K) - 0.7479 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2050 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.838 - 18024 / (T/K)

| 1663.0

| 1832.1

| 2039.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 2100

| 2290

| 2390

| 2520

| 2640

| 2770

| 2960

|

| 3120

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1083.. 1867 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.775 - 18520 / (T/K)

| 1719

| 1895

| 2111

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 80 mercurio de Hg

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 315

| 350

| 393

|

| 449

|

|

| 523

|

|

| 629

|

| CRC.j, k (T / ° C)

| 42.0

| 76.6

| 120.0

|

| 175.6

|

|

| 250.3

|

|

| 355.9

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 298 K a 400 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.122 - 3190 / (T/K)

| 315.2

| 349.7

| 392.8

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 408

| 448.8

| 468.8

| 498.4

| 523.4

| 551.2

| 592.9

|

| 629.8

! colspan = "13" | 81 Tl thallium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 882

| 977

| 1097

|

| 1252

|

|

| 1461

|

|

| 1758

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 609

| 704

| 824

|

| 979

|

|

| 1188

|

|

| 1485

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.977 - 9447 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1100 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.265 - 9037 / (T/K)

| 880.4

| 975.4

| 1093.4

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1125

| 1235

| 1290

| 1370

| 1440

| 1515

| 1630

|

| 1730

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 405.. 821 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.275 - 8920 / (T/K)

| 868

| 962

| 1078

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 82 Pb conducen

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 978

| 1088

| 1229

|

| 1412

|

|

| 1660

|

|

| 2027

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 705

| 815

| 956

|

| 1139

|

|

| 1387

|

|

| 1754

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.649 - 10143 / (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 1200 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.917 - 9701 / (T/K)

| 978.2

| 1087.9

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1285

| 1420

| 1485

| 1585

| 1670

| 1760

| 1905

|

| 2030

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.a (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 483.. 975 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 9.815 - 9600 / (T/K)

| 978

| 1089

| 1228

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 83 bismuto de Bi

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 941

| 1041

| 1165

|

| 1325

|

|

| 1538

|

|

| 1835

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 668

| 768

| 892

|

| 1052

|

|

| 1265

|

|

| 1562

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 1225

| 1350

| 1410

| 1505

| 1580

| 1670

| 1800

|

| 1920

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 474.. 934 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.265 - 9824 / (T/K)

| 957

| 1060

| 1189

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 84 Po polonium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

|

|

|

|

| (846)

|

|

| 1003

|

|

| 1236

|

| CRC.d (T / ° C)

|

|

|

|

| 573 (e)

|

|

| 730.2

|

|

| 963.3

|

! colspan = "13" | 85 En astatine

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 361

| 392

| 429

|

| 475

|

|

| 531

|

|

| 607

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 88 (s)

| 119 (s)

| 156 (s)

|

| 202 (s)

|

|

| 258 (s)

|

|

| 334

|

! colspan = "13" | 86 Rn radon

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 110

| 121

| 134

|

| 152

|

|

| 176

|

|

| 211

|

| CRC.d (T / ° C)

|-163 (s)

|-152 (s)

|-139 (s)

|

|-121.4 (s)

|

|

|-97.6 (s)

|

|

|-62.3

|

| KAL (T/K)

|

|

|

| 139 (s)

| 152 (s)

| 158 (s)

| 168 (s)

| 176 (s)

| 184 (s)

| 198 (s)

|

| 211

! colspan = "13" | 87 francos francium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| (404)

| (454)

| (519)

|

| (608)

|

|

| (738)

|

|

| (946)

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 131 (e)

| 181 (e)

| 246 (e)

|

| 335 (e)

|

|

| 465 (e)

|

|

| 673 (e)

|

! colspan = "13" | 88 radio de Ra

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 819

| 906

| 1037

|

| 1209

|

|

| 1446

|

|

| 1799

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 546 (s)

| 633 (s)

| 764

|

| 936

|

|

| 1173

|

|

| 1526

|

! colspan = "13" | 90 Th thorium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2633

| 2907

| 3248

|

| 3683

|

|

| 4259

|

|

| 5055

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2360

| 2634

| 2975

|

| 3410

|

|

| 3986

|

|

| 4782

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.674 - 31483 / (T/K) - 0.5288 tronco (T/K)

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) =-13.447 - 24569 / (T/K) + 6.6473 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | 1686.. 2715 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.645 - 28440 / (T/K)

| 2442

| 2672

| 2949

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 91 Papá protactinium

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 15.558 - 34869 / (T/K) - 1.0075 tronco (T/K)

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 11.183 - 32874 / (T/K)

! colspan = "13" | 92 uranio U

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2325

| 2564

| 2859

|

| 3234

|

|

| 3727

|

|

| 4402

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 2052

| 2291

| 2586

|

| 2961

|

|

| 3454

|

|

| 4129

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 5.776 - 27729 / (T/K) + 2.6982 tronco (T/K) - 1.5471 (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 25.741 - 28776 / (T/K) - 4.0962 tronco (T/K)

| 2422.6

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | SMI.c (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, 1461.. 2338 °C: tronco (P/Pa) = 12.005 - 25800 / (T/K)

| 2149

| 2344

| 2579

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 93 Np neptunium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 2194

| 2437

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 24.649 - 24886 / (T/K) - 3.9991 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2500 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 15.082 - 23378 / (T/K) - 1.3250 tronco (T/K)

| 2194.1

| 2436.6

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 94 plutonio de Pu

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1756

| 1953

| 2198

|

| 2511

|

|

| 2926

|

|

| 3499

|

| CRC.b (T / ° C)

| 1483

| 1680

| 1925

|

| 2238

|

|

| 2653

|

|

| 3226

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 500 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 23.864 - 18460 / (T/K) - 4.4720 tronco (T/K)

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a 600 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 31.166 - 19162 / (T/K) - 6.6675 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2450 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 8.672 - 16658 / (T/K)

| 1920.9

| 2171.3

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 95 Am americium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1239

| 1356

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 16.317 - 15059 / (T/K) - 1.3449 tronco (T/K)

| 1238.7

| 1356.1

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

! colspan = "13" | 96 Cm curium

| - diseñan = "fuente-weight:bold"

| use (T/K)

| 1788

| 1982

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| CR2 || colspan = "12" | sólido, 298 K a m.p.: tronco (P/Pa) = 13.375 - 20364 / (T/K) - 0.5770 tronco (T/K)

| rowspan = "2" | CR2 (T/K) || colspan = "12" | líquido, m.p. a 2200 K: tronco (P/Pa) = 10.229 - 18292 / (T/K)

| 1788.2

| 1982.0

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

|

| }\

Notas

CRC.a-m

David R. Lide (editor), Guía de CRC de Química y Física, 84ta Edición. Prensa de CRC. Boca Raton, Florida, 2003; el Artículo 6, Propiedades Fluidas; Presión del Vapor

El:Uncertainties de varios grados se debería generalmente asumir. (el e) Indica valores extrapolados más allá de la región de datos experimentales, sujetos a la mayor incertidumbre. (el i) Indica valores calculados de funciones termodinámicas de gas ideales. (el s) Indica que la sustancia es sólida a esta temperatura. Como citado de estas fuentes:

:*a - Lide, D.R., y Kehiaian, H.V., Guía de CRC de Thermophysical y Thermochemical Data, Prensa de CRC, Boca Raton, Florida, 1994.

:*b - Stull, D., en Instituto americano de Guía de la Física, Tercera Edición, Gris, D.E., editor, McGraw Hill, Nueva York, 1972.

:*c - Hultgren, R., Desai, P.D., Hawkins, D.T., Gleiser, M., Kelley, K.K., y Wagman, D.D., Valores Seleccionados de Propiedades Termodinámicas de los Elementos, Sociedad americana de Metales, parque Metals, Ohio, 1973.

:*d - TRCVP, Base de datos de la Presión del Vapor, la Versión 2.2P, Centro de investigación Termodinámico, Texas A&M universidad, Estación del Colegio, Texas

:*e - Barin, yo., Datos de Thermochemical de Sustancias Puras, Editores de VCH, Nueva York, 1993.

:*f - Ohse, R.W. Guía de Propiedades Termodinámicas y de Transporte de Metales de Álcali, Blackwell Publicaciones Científicas, Oxford, 1994.

:*g - Gschneidner, K.A., en Guía CRC de Química y Física, 77ma Edición, p. 4-112, Prensa de CRC, Boca Raton, Florida, 1996.

:*h - Leider, H.R., Krikorian, O.H., y Joven, D.A., Carbón, 11, 555, 1973.

:*i - Wagner, W., y de Reuck, K.M., Mesas Termodinámicas Internacionales del estado Fluido, núm. 9. Oxígeno, Blackwell Publicaciones Científicas, Oxford, 1987.

:*j - Pantano, K.N., Redactor, Materiales de la Referencia Recomendados para la Realización de Propiedades Physicochemical, Blackwell Publicaciones Científicas, Oxford, 1987.

:*k - Alcock, C.B., Itkin, V.P., y Horrigan, M.K., Publicación trimestral Metalúrgica canadiense, 23, 309, 1984.

:*l - Stewart, R.B., y Jacobsen, R.T., J. Phys. Chem. En Cuanto a Datos, 18, 639, 1989.

:*m - Sifner, O., y Klomfar, J., J. Phys. Chem. En Cuanto a Datos, 23, 63, 1994.

CR2

David R. Lide (editor), Guía de CRC de Química y Física, 84ta Edición, versión en línea. Prensa de CRC. Boca Raton, Florida, 2003; el Artículo 4, Propiedades de los Elementos y Compuestos Inorgánicos; Presión del Vapor de los Elementos Metálicos

Las ecuaciones de:The reproducen las presiones observadas en una exactitud del ±5% o mejor. Coeficientes de esta fuente:

:*Alcock, C.B., Itkin, V.P., y Horrigan, M.K., Publicación trimestral Metalúrgica canadiense, 23, 309, (1984).

KAL

Laboratorio Físico nacional, Kaye y Mesas de Laby de Constantes Físicas y Químicas; el Artículo 3.4.4, D. Ambrose, presiones del Vapor de 0.2 a 101.325 kPa. Jan recuperado 2006.

SMI.a-s

W.E. Forsythe (editor)., Smithsonian Mesas Físicas 9no editor, versión en línea (1954; Knovel 2003). La tabla 363, Evaporación de Metales

Las ecuaciones de:The se describen como la reproducción de las presiones observadas en un nivel satisfactorio de la aproximación. De estas fuentes:

:*a - K.K. Kelley, Erizo. Toro de minas. 383, (1935).

:*b - R.W. Ditchburn, J.C. Gilmour, el Rev Mod. Phys., volumen 13, p. 310, (1941).

:*c - Fabricante de cerveza, Las propiedades termodinámicas y físicas de los elementos, Informe para el Proyecto de Manhattan, (1946).

:*d - T.J. Killian, Phys. Rev, volumen 27, p. 578, (1926).

:*e - J.B. Taylor, yo. Langmuir, Phys. Rev, volumen 51, p. 753, (1937).

:*f - A.L. Marshall, R.W. Dornte, F.J. Norton, Amer. Chem. Soc., volumen 59, p. 1161, (1937).

:*g - R. Schumann, A.B. Garret, Journ. Amer. Chem. Soc., volumen 66, p. 442, (1944); volumen 67, p. 2279, (1945).

:*h - E. Rudberg, Phys. Rev, volumen 46, p. 763, (1934).

:*i - J.A.M. Van Liempt, Rec. Trav. Chem. d. Pagas-Bas, volumen 55, p. 468, (1936).

:*j - E. Rudberg, J. Lempert, Journ. Chem. Phys., volumen 3, p. 627, (1935).

:*k - Mesas Críticas Nacionales Internacionales, volumen 3, p. 306, (1928).

:*l - E. Baur, R. Bruner, Hev. Chim. Acta, volumen 17, p. 958, (1934).

:*m - J.S. Anderson, Journ. Chem. Soc. (Londres), volumen 141, (1943).

:*n - A.L. Reimann, C.K. Grant, Philos. Mag., volumen 22, p. 34, (1936).

:*o - D.B. Langmuir, L. Malter, Phys. Rev, volumen 55, p. 748, (1939).

:*p - Dr. en Medicina. Fiske, Phys. Rev, volumen 61, p. 513, (1942).

:*q - H.L. Johnston, A.L. Marshall, Journ. Amer. Chem. Soc., volumen 62, p. 1382, (1940).

:*r - H.A. Jones, yo. Langmuir, G.M.J. Mackay, Phys. Rev, volumen 30, p. 201, (1927).

:*s - H.A. Jones, yo. Langmuir, Rev Eléctrico general, volumen 30, p. 354, (1927).



Buscar